For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

1. Satellite and surface data indicate that a broad area of low
pressure has formed in association with a tropical wave moving
across the Yucatan Peninsula. The low is forecast to move over the
waters of the eastern Bay of Campeche early Monday, where
environmental conditions are expected to be conducive for
development.  This system has the potential to become a tropical
depression while it moves west-northwestward at about 10 mph across
the southwestern Gulf of Mexico during the next two to three days.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...medium...50 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...60 percent.

Human trials of the surprisingly simple vaccine are now planned. If successful, it could be taken as a probiotic-like drink. via Science Alert/fb

A hoverbike currently being developed by British engineering company Malloy Aeronautics would bring drone technology to new heights.

The company is testing unmanned flights of the hoverbike, which, they say, will be able to reach an altitude of 9,000 feet when completed. Once they achieve aviation certifications for the unmanned model, they will be able to develop a manned prototype.

When finished, the quadcopter could be piloted by a person sitting on the bike or by remote control.

Videos of the test flights show just how high this bike can go. The drone used in the test is one-third the size the hoverbike will ultimately be.

This new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image shows a variety of intriguing cosmic phenomena.

Surrounded by bright stars, towards the upper middle of the frame we see a small, young stellar object (YSO) known as SSTC2D J033038.2+303212. Located in the constellation of Perseus, this star is in the early stages of its life and is still forming into a fully grown star. In this view from Hubble’s Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) it appears to have a murky chimney of material emanating outwards and downwards, framed by bright bursts of gas flowing from the star itself. This fledgling star is actually surrounded by a bright disc of material swirling around it as it forms — a disc that we see edge-on from our perspective.

However, this small bright speck is dwarfed by its cosmic neighbour towards the bottom of the frame, a clump of bright, wispy gas swirling around as it appears to spew dark material out into space. The bright cloud is a reflection nebula known as [B77] 63, a cloud of interstellar gas that is reflecting light from the stars embedded within it. There are actually a number of bright stars within [B77] 63, most notably the emission-line star LkHA 326, and its very near neighbour LZK 18.

These stars are lighting up the surrounding gas and sculpting it into the wispy shape seen in this image. However, the most dramatic part of the image seems to be a dark stream of smoke piling outwards from [B77] 63 and its stars — a dark nebula called Dobashi 4173. Dark nebulae are incredibly dense clouds of pitch-dark material that obscure the patches of sky behind them, seemingly creating great rips and eerily empty chunks of sky. The stars speckled on top of this extreme blackness actually lie between us and Dobashi 4173.

Integral gamma-ray observatory demonstrates white dwarfs can reignite and explode as supernovae


( —Astronomers using ESA’s Integral gamma-ray observatory have demonstrated beyond doubt that dead stars known as white dwarfs can reignite and explode as supernovae. The finding came after the unique signature of gamma rays from the radioactive elements created in one of these explosions was captured for the first time.

The explosions in question are known as Type Ia supernovae, long suspected to be the result of a white dwarf star blowing up because of a disruptive interaction with a . However, astronomers have lacked definitive evidence that a white dwarf was involved until now. The ‘smoking gun’ in this case was evidence for radioactive nuclei being created by fusion during the thermonuclear explosion of the .

"Integral has all the capabilities to detect the signature of this fusion, but we had to wait for more than ten years for a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to catch a nearby supernova," says Eugene Churazov, from the Space Research Institute (IKI) in Moscow, Russia and the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics,in Garching, Germany.

Although Type Ia supernovae are expected to occur frequently across the Universe they are rare occurrences in any one galaxy, with typical rates of one every few hundred years.

Integral’s chance came on 21 January 2014, when students at the University College London’s teaching observatory at Mill Hill, UK, detected a type Ia supernova, later named SN2014J, in the nearby galaxy M82.

According to the theory of such explosions, the carbon and oxygen found in a white dwarf should be fused into radioactive nickel during the explosion. This nickel should then quickly decay into radioactive cobalt, which would itself subsequently decay, on a somewhat longer timescale, into stable iron.

Because of its proximity – at a distance of about 11.5 million light-years from Earth, SN2014J is the closest of its type to be detected in decades – Integral stood a good chance of seeing the  produced by the decay. Within one week of the initial discovery, an observing plan to use Integral had been drawn-up and approved.

Integral gamma-ray observatory demonstrates white dwarfs can reignite and explode as supernovae

In January 2014, a supernova was discovered in the nearby galaxy M82. At a distance of about 11.5 million light-years from Earth, SN2014J as it is known, is the closest of its type to be detected in decades. This composite Hubble image shows …more

Using Integral to study the aftermath of the supernova explosion, scientists looked for the signature of cobalt decay – and they found it, in exactly the quantities that the models predicted.

"The consistency of the spectra, obtained by Integral 50 days after the explosion, with that expected from cobalt decay in the expanding debris of the white dwarf was excellent," says Churazov, who is lead author of a paper describing this study and reported in the journal Nature.

With that confirmation in hand, other astronomers could begin to look into the details of the process. In particular, how the white dwarf is detonated in the first place.

White dwarfs are inert stars that contain up to 1.4 times the mass of the Sun squeezed into a volume about the same size as the Earth. Being inert, they can’t simply blow themselves up. Instead, astronomers believe that they leech matter from a companion star, which builds up on the surface until a critical total mass is reached. At that point, the pressure in the heart of the white dwarf triggers a catastrophic thermonuclear detonation.

Early Integral observations of SN2014J tell a somewhat different story, and have been the focus of a separate study, reported online in Science Express by Roland Diehl from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Germany, and colleagues.

Diehl and his colleagues detected gamma rays from the decay of radioactive nickel just 15 days after the explosion. This was unexpected, because during the early phase of a Type Ia supernova, the explosion debris is thought to be so dense that the gamma rays from the nickel decay should be trapped inside.

"We were puzzled by this surprising signal, and some from the group even thought it must be wrong," says Diehl. "We had long and ultimately very fruitful discussions about what might explain these data."

A careful examination of the theory showed that the signal would have been hidden only if the explosion had begun in the heart of the white dwarf. Instead, Diehl and colleagues think that what they are seeing is evidence for a belt of gas from the companion star that must have built up around the equator of the white dwarf. This outer layer detonated, forming the observed nickel and then triggering the internal  that became the supernova.

"Regardless of the fine details of how these supernovae are triggered, Integral has proved beyond doubt that a white dwarf is involved in these stellar cataclysms," says Erik Kuulkers, ESA’s Integral Project Scientist. "This clearly demonstrates that even after almost twelve years in operation, Integral is still playing a crucial role in unraveling some of the mysteries of the high-energy Universe."

An international team of astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), among other telescopes, has obtained the best view yet of a collision between two galaxies when the universe was only half its current age.

This walking fish has both lungs and gills, and it’s helping scientists to better understand the changes that saw Earth’s early life forms move from the sea to the land over 400 million years ago. via ScienceAlert

The name “jaguar” comes from a Native American word meaning “he who kills with one leap”. via Animal Facts


Radio and television broadcasting may be only a brief passing phase in our technological development. When we imagine alien civilizations broadcasting signals with radio telescopes, are we any different from earlier generations who imagined riding cannon shells to the moon? Civilizations even slightly more advanced than ours may have already moved on to some other mode of communication, one that we have yet to discover or even imagine. Their messages could be swirling all around us at this very moment, but we lack the means to perceive them just as all of our ancestors, up to a little more than a century ago, would have been oblivious to the most urgent radio signal from another world. 

But there’s another more troubling possibility: Civilizations, like other living things, may only live so long before perishing due to natural causes, or violence, or self-inflicted wounds. Whether or not we ever make contact with intelligent alien life may depend on a critical question: What is the life expectancy of a civilization?

- Episode 11: The Immortals, Cosmos: A SpaceTime Odyssey

You’ve probably heard that California is suffering a historic drought. These shocking pictures show just how dry it is right now. via OnEarth Magazine

Photo: Bidwell Marina—taken by Paul Hames and Justin Sullivan, respectively.

Amazing photo shows lightning striking an airliner flying in a rainbow

Amazing photo shows lightning striking an airliner flying in a rainbow

Stunning photo of a lightning striking an Boeing 777 that seems to be in the middle of a perfect rainbow, taken by German photographer Birk Möbius. The image was captured yesterday from an aerodrome in Taucha, Germany.

Interbreeding Among Early Hominins

The evolutionary tree for modern humans a bit of a mess - humans haven’t had a close relative on this planet for over 10,000 years, but there used to be several other closely related species living at the same time. Genetic analyses on bone fragments from Neanderthals and Denisovans has given us new insight into our not-so-distant evolutionary past. The results indicate that not only did Denisovans and Neanderthals interbreed with modern Homo sapiens, but they also mated with an unidentified fourth hominin group. This information was presented to evolutionary geneticists last week for a meeting of the Royal Society.

Neanderthals emerged about 200,000 years ago and remains have been found throughout Europe, stretching into central Asia. While Neanderthals weren’t as cognitively advanced as Homo sapiens who emerged around the same time, they were probably the first hominins known to wear clothing, bury dead, and form languages. It has been traditionally thought that the last common ancestor of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals existed around 400,000 years ago, though new research suggests it could have been earlier.

Denisovans are an extinct group of hominins that are part of our evolutionary lineage. Our knowledge of them comes from bone fragments found in a cave that date back about 30,000-50,000 years. Though genetic analysis had been done a couple years ago, the results weren’t really clear. New techniques have yielded much more complete genetic sequences and two new studies have released different yet related results. 

There is evidence of certain populations of humans alive today getting as much as 4% of their DNA from Denisovans, though there is some debate surrounding it. Additionally, there are people with ancestries outside of Africa that could have gotten about 2% of their genomes from Neanderthals, though there is some speculation with this as well.

Right now, the identity of this fourth early human group remains a mystery. They could have come from Asia, but that has not yet been made certain. Future research will hopefully identify this unknown population and help us better understand all of the different evolutionary inputs that make us who we are.


BRB, dying laughing and puking at the same time…


GUYTON, Ga. —Police arrested a brother and sister after they say the two admitted to having sex in a tractor trailer sitting in a church parking lot.

Police had been called to a Baptist church in Guyton, Georgia, on reports of a prowler, ABC affiliate WJCL-TV reports. When officers arrived, they found a man and woman walking down the street near the church.

At first, Timothy Savoy, 25, told them he was walking Christopher Buckner, 20, back to her house. Minutes later, the pair admitted they were brother and sister and had just finished having sex three times in a Kenworth tractor trailer parked outside the church.

The brother and sister blamed their behavior on the fact that they had just finished watching “The Notebook.” Both are charged with aggravated sodomy, incest and prowling.

Definitely one of my favorite intros to any of the albums I have. Mirrors is just beautiful…


Everything’s a novelty
Everyone grows but me
Close one eye
Step to the side
Everyone grows but me
Everyone’s in fragments
Close one eye
Step to the side


From the simple idea of Change Blindness, our minds are not as they seem.
An entire existence revolving around what we can’t acknowledge.
From the simple idea of Change Blindness, our minds are not as they seem, as they seem.
A brain malfunction we’ll never admit as defeat, defeat…
A constant determination to find truths, to find truths… to find reason…
To find reason… to find truths… to find comfort.
An unspoken religion in being the all dominant, all dominant, all dominant…
This is what we call a brain.
This is what we call a brain.
This is what we call a brain.
This is what we call a brain… a brain.
This step will allow, allow the universe to run its course.
We have a short ticket and a lot is in hiding… so let’s take in what we can for now.
Just like here on Earth, a notion we do comprehend.
Hide what “others” can’t understand.
The universe is the biggest, biggest threat… overachiever that commands attention.
Brute force of hysterical, hysterical reasonings…
There will always be a Marfa.
Close one eye.
Step to the side.
Close one eye.
Step to the side.
As humans, we could never be content with knowing all.
Yet we can’t be content with the fact that our brains will never know.
A mental surgery… a never-ending journey… a technological drawback.
Pushing us further from our natural minds.
There will always exist a Kryptos.
Even things created by other humans should be considered.
In the experiment of an entire species of understanding.
A magician’s pure joy…
A mind bend for the common folk…
Follow the straight line…
A full house watching what we can’t see.
The ultimate deceiver…
Close one eye.
Step to the side.
Step to the side.
We will always be part of the great misdirect… stepping in and stepping out.
We will always be part of the great misdirect… mirrors and Obfuscation.